THE PROCESS OF CRIMINALIZATION (How it all went down!)
Growing up in one of
There where sieges on all of the shipments coming in through
Cocaine was isolated by a German scientist in 1860 named Albert Neiman. It was heralded as a wonder drug. It was used as a cure all in tonics, and many doctors and scientist promoted it. By the 1920s it coined a phrase “dope fiend”; it was outlawed by the government and deemed unacceptable to general society. This labeling helped many people distance themselves from their dependency on the compound. Cocaine abuse did not go away, it just did what many parasites do when exposed, it dug deeper, and it went underground. Through the liberation and freedom movements of the 1960s a new culture was unearthed; Drug Culture.
Through the seventies up until eighties this culture became very pervasive. Incidentally, simultaneously and distinctly another culture was being formed; Hip Hop Culture. The influence of Hip Hop, although still in her early pubescence, was still influential. It became the voice of disenfranchised youth who otherwise went unheard. What began as an art form, evolved into a cry out against social injustice, and a rally for unity; later began to form a new and distinctive culture, complete with its own code of ethics, language, style of dress, etc. Hip Hop by 1980 was about seven to nine years old. Using personification, Hip Hop was like most seven year olds, all she wanted was to have fun. By 1985 Hip wanted to be understood. She wanted to be heard, her voice was the music. It changed from fun songs to more political and conscious songs. Not many people took her serious. There was an ancient pedophile called Drug Culture who was too willing to give her the needed attention; and seduced her.
In her early innocence, Hip Hop became overwhelmed by drug culture and seduced into a courtship that has rocked our nation with illegitimate offspring; Drug Addiction, Homicide, and Recidivism to name a few.
In 1980, there were less than 500,000 people imprisoned in the nation’s prisons and jails. Today we have over two million and the numbers continue to rise. Between 1980 and 1999, the total number of incarcerated males increased 303 percent whereas that number increased 576 percent for females. The incarceration for women American Society of Criminology
At current levels of incarceration newborn urban males in this country have a greater than a 1 in 6 chance of going to prison during their lifetimes. U.S. Department of Justice estimate 106,000 children in juvenile facilities (public and private).Census Bureau & U.S. Department of Justice
Of over two million persons incarcerated in the U.S 63% is Black or Hispanic. American Correctional counts indicate that 75% of the incarcerated will return.
We are spending over $35 billion annually on corrections while many other government services for education, health and human services and public transportation are hard pressed to meet the need for such services. The vast majority of cases referred to the juvenile court do not result in incarceration: 43 percent are never formally charged, and two-fifths of those who are charged have their cases dropped or sign an informal probation agreement rather than go to trial. Roughly, one-third of cases that do result in a court finding of delinquency (i.e., a conviction), result in more than two-thirds of probation, release, or alternative sanction. Only 11 percent result in placement into corrections or to a group home or residential treatment center. However, the majority of all juvenile justice funding goes to confining and treating these 11 percent, while far less is available for community based services to address the remaining 89 percent of offenders before their delinquency escalates. American Society of Criminology
Although there are pilot programs and other longer lasting and more proved systems that have documented success there is little or no real governmental attempts at alleviating the immediate problem. The structure of our economy, the paradigm between the power elite and the lower classes, and the designation of who controls oil, business, and media really makes a person wonder if criminalization is a purposeful event to keep a certain order to things. To certain individuals this fuels what some have labeled Black Paranoia.
To the casual observer the affects of Hip Hop culture are racial; to the contrary this culture has transcended ethnic and national boundaries. “It can be found as far as the
Both arrest data and self-report surveys reveal that crime rates peak during adolescence and young adulthood. The arrest rate for serious violent crimes rises rapidly during the adolescent years, peak at age 18, and drops rapidly thereafter. Drug induced forms of rap music are very popular among youth…
World News Tonight's Peter Jennings labeled the teenage perpetrators of crime "The Young and the Ruthless" as he reported the grim statistics on the escalation in violent teenage crime. (World News Tonight, 1994)
• The youth population is growing.
Legislators, parents, schools, and even correctional & police agencies are at a lost at what to do about this new breed of youth. Some even in despair have deemed them generation "X" symbolizing the unknown. There is talk about boot camps, stiffer sentences, and even legalization… The problem lies in the fact that these social structures are at a lost on how to communicate to this culture, they don't speak the language, and there is a need for mediation. In Hip Hop the drug epidemic found the perfect tool and medium to inject it’s infection into the blood stream of Urban
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